Welcome to the Australian Environmental Pest Managers Association November 2019 edition.
AEPMA 2020 Conference - Call for Papers
We are proud to provide a platform once again for national speakers to share their expertise in the area of “Pest Management in the Digital Age”. 
Participants have the opportunity to contribute to the education and product knowledge in a time of digitalisation.
The conference will be held at The Star, Gold Coast on 16-18 September 2020.
If you are interested in submitting a paper, please email info@aepma.com.au with the following details:
Type of paper:
- Research Paper
- Practice Paper
Presentation type:
- Workshop (30min + Q&A)
- Presentation (40min + Q&A)
Be part of leading the future agenda for the pest industry.
Urban Pest Management Training Packages
The Department of Employment, Skills, Small and Family Business have released the following new courses for the pest industry:
Qualifications added:
CPP30119 - Certificate III in Urban Pest Management 
CPP41619 - Certificate IV in Urban Pest Management
Updated Skill Sets:
CPPSS00045 - Manage complex fumigation operations
CPPSS00046 - Manage non-timber pests
CPPSS00047 - Manage timber pests
Units of Competency added:
CPPUPM3006 - Manage pests by applying pesticides
CPPUPM3008 - Inspect for and report on timber pests
CPPUPM3010 - Control timber pests
CPPUPM3011 - Manage organisms by applying fumigants to commodities and environments
CPPUPM3017 - Maintain, service and repair pest management equipment
CPPUPM3018 - Maintain equipment and pesticide storage area in pest management vehicles
CPPUPM3042 - Install termite management systems
CPPUPM4001 - Assess and select pest management vehicle and equipment
CPPUPM4002 - Schedule, organise and monitor pest management operations
CPPUPM4003 - Assess and advise on pest management options for sensitive
CPPUPM4004 - Assess and advise on pest management options for complex operations
CPPUPM4005 - Implement and monitor pest management plans for sensitive operations
CPPUPM4006 - Implement and monitor pest management plans for complex operations
For more information, visit: www.training.gov.au 
WA and NSW Branch Meetings
The final branch meetings for the year will be held in November and all state members are welcome. 
To RSVP, please email info@aepma.com.au.
WA Branch
Thursday, 21 November 2019, 4pm
71 Boulder Rd
NSW Branch
Monday, 18 November 2019, 4pm
6/105 Derby St
Termite Treatment Costs
A recent article by Canstar focused on the cost of termite treatment for consumers and featured our National Vice President, Gary Stephenson.
The cost of termite treatment: will it eat away at your wallet?
Owning property can not only put a roof over our heads, but also, in ideal scenarios, act as a form of investment. So naturally, we want to protect that asset, right? What happens if the roof over our head starts thinning, quite literally, thanks to a tiny, crawling pest? Here’s a quick guide on some ways to identify when you have termites, what your options are to treat an infestation and what costs could be involved.
Signs you may have termites
The thought of termites may bring visuals of dilapidated homes falling apart as wood crumbles. But in reality, termites in walls are often invisible to the naked eye. According to hipages, some common signs to look out for to tell if you have termites include:
• Clicking sounds coming from the walls or ceiling – you can put your ear to the wood to listen for them.
• Timber making a hollow sound when you tap it.
• Doors and windows becoming hard to open or close, which can happen because termites create moisture, leading to the timber warping.
• Mud tunnels, such as on a broken piece of wood or leading up walls into your home, which termites build to travel through.
• Termite droppings, which typically appear as a small, black powdery substance.
What to do if you find termites on your property
According to Australian Environmental Pest Managers Association (AEPMA) National Vice President, Gary Stephenson, it is a good idea for homeowners who suspect they may have termites to engage a pest management specialist to conduct an inspection of their property. Mr Stephenson told Canstar there are around 350 termite species in Australia, but only about 10 of them are actually a threat to building structures.
Following the inspection, Mr Stephenson says that if a specialist finds evidence of termites on your property, they can provide a recommended treatment that is tailored to the property’s construction, the termite species present and the extent of the infestation.
Termite treatment options
The Building Code of Australia requires a number of features of new homes to be treated against termites as they are being built. Treatment methods may include using termite-resistant materials or physical barriers, however there are a number of additional treatment options available to homeowners.
Mr Stephenson said that once a house has been built, there are three main approaches to termite treatment:
1. Eradication of any active termites
2. Eradication of the active termites + preventative treatment
3. Preventative treatment
The right treatment for your property will depend on your circumstances, and Mr Stephenson said that if you’ve already identified an infestation, the first step in many circumstances is to directly target it, either with a chemical or bait. He said that while some homeowners may opt simply to treat the direct threat of active termites, he recommends following this with a preventative treatment plan to reduce the risk of further infestation, such as soil treatment (which may include trenching around foundations, such as stumps, to insert chemicals into the soil) and in-ground baiting or monitoring stations. If the property is in an at-risk area but not infested yet, some home owners may instead opt for a preventative treatment in the first instance.
Once treatment has commenced, the infestation or baiting stations are typically then monitored by the pest management specialist in follow-up inspections to check on the effectiveness of the treatment.
Active termite eradication
Active termite eradication refers to treatment that is applied directly to the affected structure itself, such as a shed or wall where an infestation has occurred, as well as any trees on the property with termite activity. This treatment targets the termites where they are. The treatment a specialist recommends for you will be based on the property, infestation and the specialist’s product preferences and training.
Dust: According to AEPMA, the dust treatment involves using a fine dust that is made of or contains toxicants (components that are toxic to termites), which is blown into infested areas.
Foam: AEPMA says foaming treatments contain a slow-acting toxicant that can be injected directly into areas where there are active termites.
Termites that are exposed to one of these treatments, whether directly or by using toxicant-covered tunnels, ‘groom’ each other, spreading the toxicant through the colony.
Above-ground baiting: AEPMA says this involves placing termite food that has been treated or mixed with a slow-acting toxicant within a container, which is positioned directly over active termite feeding sites.
Mr Stephenson said following the initial inspection, active eradication treatment would usually follow these steps:
1. The pest management specialist applies the treatment directly.
2. The specialist would usually return after a number of weeks to determine the effectiveness of the treatment.
Once the termites have been eradicated, the second phase of ongoing management, if the homeowner opts for it, would begin. This varies depending on the property, but could involve installing in-ground baiting stations or, depending on whether there is access underneath the structure, chemical soil treatment.
The specialist will usually then inspect the property regularly to monitor termite activity.
Preventative treatment: soil treatment
If there is access underneath the home, the pest management specialist may recommend soil treatment, either as a preventative measure if there is no current infestation, or as an ongoing management tactic following an initial active termination. Soil treatment generally involves applying liquid over or into the soil around any structures that make contact with the ground, such as stumps. This liquid may be non-repellent (termites do not detect it and forage in the soil long enough to attain lethal doses of the toxicant) or repellent (termites sense its presence and avoid entering the soil).
The amount of time this treatment will be effective for will depend on the product used, and your pest management specialist should be able to provide more information.
Preventative treatment: in-ground baiting
In-ground baiting can be used as a preventative measure or to complement direct eradication treatment. Mr Stephenson says baiting on its own generally takes longer to take effect than direct treatment, but it is likely to be more extensive in eradicating the actual nest of termites. This style of treatment is generally suited to properties that are in full contact with the earth on a concrete slab, limiting the pest management specialist’s access to underneath the home.
According to the Queensland Government, a baiting station contains timber or a similar substance that is baited, so when the termite feeds, it comes in contact with the toxin, which it then takes back to the nest and spreads within the colony.
Mr Stephenson said the stages of this treatment, depending on a number of factors, generally are:
1. If there is an active eradication strategy to eliminate an infestation, this will be completed first.
2. The pest management specialist will install above-ground baiting stations.
3. The specialist will then check on the baiting stations regularly, generally every four to six weeks if further termites are detected, with this frequency decreasing once termite activity has been dormant for six months.
4. After 12 months, Mr Stephenson recommends the specialist continues to check the stations around every three months for the life of the system.
How much does termite treatment cost?
The total cost of your termite treatment will depend on a number of factors, such as the extent of the infestation, the construction type and design of the property (such as the size of the building and what type of access is available) and the species of termite.
As a guide, Mr Stephenson said the average costs for a standard, three-bedroom Australian house are:
Termite inspection (required): $250 for a general visual inspection. An inspection that uses more advanced technology, such as thermal imaging cameras and endoscopes, may cost between $450 to $550 or more.
Active eradication: around $1,500 to $2,500 for a localised infestation of one colony (such as in a garage), including impacted trees on the property and a follow-up inspection.
Active eradication followed by preventative treatment: around $4,000 to $5,500 for the initial active eradication and ongoing management, including follow-up inspections for around 12 months. In general, Mr Stephenson said soil treatment can be more expensive than installation of in-ground baiting stations, depending on the property, though baiting will require more regular inspections.
Preventative treatment: around $3,000 to $4,000, including follow-up inspections for 12 months. Again, Mr Stephenson said soil treatment can be more expensive than installation of in-ground baiting stations, depending on the property.
Who can provide termite treatment?
Mr Stephenson recommends contacting local pest management specialists and asking about their direct experience (including what licences they carry, such as in pest management or fumigation for particular types of properties) and whether they have undergone training specific to termites and for the products they are using.
He said one place consumers can start their search is on the AEPMA site directory, where members need to be qualified and to have made a commitment to follow industry codes of best practice in order to be listed.
To view this article online, or for other articles by Canstar visit: 
The First Hero in Australian Environmental Pest Management
As an island continent Australia has always had the problem of introduced pests from around the world. This is the story of the first heroic pest manager in Australia – George McCredie.
The plague broke out in Sydney on 19 January 1900. Two months later, after some difficulty finding men prepared to work in plague affected areas, George McCredie was appointed by the NSW Government to take charge of all quarantine activities in the Sydney area. 
He started work on the plague affected areas of Sydney making house to house inspections. He later wrote, ‘the first area of quarantine contained many things disgraceful in the extreme; accumulations of filth, utter disregard of sanitary arrangements ... numerous sad cases of poverty were met with.’ 
Residents had to remain within barricaded areas as the work of cleansing, lime washing, burning and in some cases demolition took place. Work was completed in July. 
To illustrate the scale of the problem, 303 cases of the plague were reported in Sydney and of these 103 died.
This photo from his collection of over 600 dead rats in a pile, illustrate what he was up against.
The premier, Sir William Lyne of NSW, presented a Commemorative shield ‘Victor of the Plague’ to George McCredie on behalf of the citizens of Sydney ‘in recognition of the patriotic and effective manner in which he carried out his duties when in charge of the operations for stamping out the plague’.
George McCredie died in 1903 from, “it was said, the effects of working in plague affected areas. It provides a remarkable reminder of the impact disease could have on a city like Sydney and the courage and determination required to combat it.”
Environmental pest managers are continuing the great tradition of George McCredie in making Australians safe from the ravages caused by pests.
There is a long history to the uses of the house and surrounds and is also an opportunity for motoring enthusiasts as there are exhibits of many older motor vehicles:  Mini Car Club, Wolseley Car Club, Austin Car Club Porsche Club of NSW; Cadillac LaSalle Car Club; Magic Metal Motoring Club; Trevor Thomas Bikes Day.
 His historic home, Linnwood, built in 1891 set on five hectares in suburban Guildford in Sydney is having an Open Day on Sunday, 10th November between 11am - 4pm. 
Remembering Lewis Charles Smedley
It is with a heavy heart that I advise that Lewis Charles Smedley passed away a short time ago. He was surrounded by his family and he passed away quickly and peacefully, which is the way he wanted.
Lew had a long career in the chemical industry, working at Shell, Agrevo, Aventis over his working life. His working life was varied and much travelled, throughout country NSW, Swan Hill, Mildura, New Zealand, and finally the last 20+ years in Melbourne.
He had been in several positions at Bayer including the role of National Sales and Marketing Manager in the Environmental Science Division. 
In recent years Lew has manned the 1800 line for all enquiries into Bayer Crop Science. Lew was happy to help anyone with a question and handled most enquiries with a professional manner - in that deep, resonant voice he was famous for. Lew also had the role of “MC” for many Bayer functions, due to his great sense of humour and knowledge of the happenings at Bayer and in the industry.
There is no doubt that Lew touched many in our industry – he was a true gentleman and the most loyal mate you could wish for. 
Jim Westhead
Bayer Territory Sales Manager SA, TAS, VIC
Fire Ant Training
The next training day is on 5th November 2019.
It will be held at the National Red Imported Fire Ant Eradication (NRIFAE) Program Office, 145-147 Wayne Goss Drive, Berrinba.
There are available spaces on this date so for all expressions of interest, please visit ants.daf.qld.gov.au for more information.
Industrial Relations Update
Personal Leave is by the Day, not the Hour
Once again, an employer has fallen into the trap of applying a notional 7.6 hours day to sick leave entitlements for workers on 12-hour shifts, only to be have that approach struck down by a majority Federal Court decision. But negative reaction to the decision from employers and interveners in the case has been swift and it is likely to be appealed.
The employees claimed that the NES provides an entitlement to 10 days leave each year. That meant, if they were sick on a day when they normally worked 12 hours, then they should be paid that day’s normal wage. That was their normal day.
The employer, adopting the traditional approach of saying that 10 days is really two weeks, at 38 hours per week, only paid 7.6 hours pay for the sick leave. While this might seem fair, bearing in mind the typical work day could be thus described, it is not what the legislation says. The employer argued that taken to its logical extension, a worker on 12-hour shifts could end up being paid 120 hours sick leave a year, whereas a ‘normal’ worker would get only 76.
But the court dismissed this argument, saying that the Act doesn’t talk about hours, it specifies days. The employer also argued that the Act provides for the accrual of personal leave “according to the employee’s ordinary hours of work”. This, it said, meant 38 ordinary hours. Again, the majority disagreed, saying the ordinary hours these shift workers worked totaled twelve hours per shift, so they were entitled to 10 days at twelve hours each.
The dissenting judgement essentially agreed with the employer’s view that there was an inherent inequity in the scheme approved by the majority. Whether this decision is left to stand remains to be seen, especially given the intervention of the federal government supporting the company.
Until any further litigation runs its course, employers should take care how they accrue personal leave and how shifts longer than the nominal 7.6 hours per day are described in company documentation. If for example a 12-hour shift includes some overtime component, that should be spelt out, as personal leave would not be due for that portion. But otherwise, according to the decision, an employee validly absent for their usual day’s work on personal leave is entitled to be paid whatever it is they would have earned had they been at work, regardless of the length of the shift on that day.
Nurses accused of releasing cockroaches to 'sabotage' hospital and get easier jobs elsewhere
Suspicions raised by outbreak of insects commonly
sold as food for exotic pets
Nurses and trade union members in a busy Italian emergency department have been accused of releasing an infestation of cockroaches in a bid to be transferred elsewhere or discredit officials.
Local media have been following the suspected sabotage since a video emerged on social media of an infestation in a bathroom of the Vecchio Pellegrini Hospital in Naples last week.
An investigation into the outbreak was opened after experts identified the cockroaches were not typical of pest infestations but were readily available in pet shops as food for exotic reptiles.
Local Green party councillor Francesco Emilio Borrelli reportedly told local radio that the cockroaches were native to Madagascar, and this had raised suspicions with the hospital’s director, Maria Corvino.
“For this reason an investigation was opened,” he told Radio Cusano Campus. “It’s very serious: nurses and trade unionists appear to have sabotaged the Pellegrini to get a transfer from the hospital.”
Napoli Today reported that the initial video shared on social media was taken by a Dr Marina Romano, who reportedly said the incident left her speechless.
Italian news agency Ansa reported the outbreak comes a month after another hospital in the region, San Giovanni Bosco Hospital, made headlines after ants were filmed crawling on patients.
It also reported Mr Borrelli saying the issue has been reported to the NAS hygiene police agency who had said the outbreak appeared to be “sabotage”.
The hospital has been approached for comment.
Newsletter contributions/comments

AEPMA welcomes any contributions or suggestions for articles that you feel are relevant to the industry.  Simply forward to info@aepma.com.au.

Or do you have something to say about an article you’ve read in the Newsletter?  Why not leave your feedback on our Facebook page.

Upcoming Events
• Fire Ant Training 5 November
World Ant Forum - Bangkok, Thailand 11-15 November
• PMITAG NSW Meeting 13 November 
• AEPMA Board Meeting 14 November
• NSW Branch Meeting – Agserv, Silverwater 18 November
• WA Branch Meeting – Agserv, Malaga 21 November
• World Pest Day Summit – Singapore 4-5 June 
• AEPMA 2020 Conference – The Star, Gold Coast 16-18 September 
FAOPMA Pest Summit 2020 – Manila, Philippines 24-27 September 
• PestWorld 2020 – Nashville, Tennessee 13-16 October 
You are receiving AEPMA e-newsletters. If you are not interested to further e-newsletter from AEPMA, please click here to unsubscribe.